Publications

Scholarly Journals--Published

  • Yaria J, Gil A, Makanjuol A, Oguntoye A, Miranda JJ, Lazo-Porras M, Zhang P, Tao X, Ahlgren JA, Bernabe-Ortiz A, Moscoso-Porras M, Malaga G, Svyato I, Osundina M, Gianella C, Bello O, Lawal A, Temitope A, Adebayo O, Lakkhanaloet M, Brainin M, Johnson WD, Thrift A, Lugo A, Phromjai J, Mueller-Stierlin A, Perone SA, Varghese C, Feigin VL, Owolabi M, on behalf of the Stroke Experts Collaboration Group. Quality of stroke guidelines in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review. Bull World Health Organ. 2021;99:640-652E. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.21.285845 (10/2021)
  • Owolabi MO, Thrift AG, Martins S, Johnson WD, Pandian J, Abd-Allah F, Varghese C, Mahal A, Yaria J, Phan HT, Roth G, Gall SL, Beare R, Phan TG, Mikulik R, Norrving B, Feigin VL, on behalf of the Stroke Experts Collaboration Group. The state of stroke services across the globe: Report of World Stroke Organization-World Health Organization Surveys. International Journal of Stroke. 2021;0(0)1-13. DOI: 10.1177/17474930211019568 (10/2021)
  • Griswold D, Gempeler A, Rosseau G, Kaseje N, Johnson WD, Kolias A, Hutchinson P. Chest CT and rapid antigen testing for diagnosis of COVID-19 in emergency trauma surgery patients that require urgent care during the pandemic: an umbrella review protocol. JMIR Research Protocols. 2021;10(5):e25207 (10/2021)
  • GBD 2019 Stroke Collaborators. Global, regional, and national burden of stroke and its risk factors, 1990–2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. Lancet Neurol 2021; 20: 795–820. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1474-4422(21)00252-0 (10/2021)
  • Jayaram A, Pawlak N, Kahanu A, Fallah P, Chung H, Valencia-Rojas, N, Rodas EB, Abbaslou A, Alseidi A, Ameh EA, Bekele A, Casey K, Chu K, Dempsey R, Dodgion C, Jawa R, Jimenez M, Johnson W, et al. Curricula in Global Surgery: Current Status and a Call to Create a More Equitable Approach. J Surg Res. DOI: 10.1016/j.jss.2021.03.061 (08/2021)
  • Davies JI, Gelb AW, Gore-Booth J, Martin J, Mellin-Olsen J, Åkerman C, Ameh EA, Biccard BM, Braut GS, Chu K, Derbew M, Ersdal HL, Guzman JM, Hagander L, Haylock-Loor C, Holmer H, Johnson WD, Juran S, Kassebaum NJ, Laerdal T, Leather AJM, Lipnick MS, Ljungman D, Makasa EMM, Meara JG, Newton, MW, Østergaard D, Reynolds T, Romanzi LJ, Santhirapala V, Shrime MG, Søreide K, Steinholt M, Suzuki E, Varallo JE, Visser GHA, Watters D, Weiser TG. Global Surgery, Obstetric, and Anesthesia Indicator Definitions and Reporting: An Utstein Consensus Report. Preprint, 2 April 2021:  doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0061.v1 (04/2021)
  • Seyi-Olajide JO, Anderson JE, Kaseje N, Ozgediz D, Gathuya Z, Poenaru D, Johnson WD, Bickler SW, Farmer DL, Lakhoo K, Oldham K, Ameh EA, Global Initiative for Children’s Surgery. Inclusion of Children Surgery in National Surgical Plans and Child Health Programmes: The Need and Roadmap From Global Initiative For Children’s Surgery. Pediatr Surg Int. 2021 Jan 5. doi: 10.1007/s00383-020-04813-x. (01/2021)
  • Seyi-Olajide JO, Anderson JE, Kaseje N, Ozgediz D, Gathuya Z, Poenaru D, Johnson WD, Bickler SW, Farmer DL, Lakhoo K, Oldham K, Ameh EA, Global Initiative for Children’s Surgery. Inclusion of Children Surgery in National Surgical Plans and Child Health Programmes: The Need and Roadmap From Global Initiative For Children’s Surgery. Pediatr Surg Int. 2021 Jan 5. doi: 10.1007/s00383-020-04813-x. (01/2021)
  • Seyi-Olajide JO, Anderson JE, Kaseje N, Ozgediz D, Gathuya Z, Poenaru D, Johnson WD, Bickler SW, Farmer DL, Lakhoo K, Oldham K, Ameh EA, Global Initiative for Children’s Surgery. Inclusion of Children Surgery in National Surgical Plans and Child Health Programmes: The Need and Roadmap From Global Initiative For Children’s Surgery. Pediatr Surg Int. 2021 Jan 5. doi: 10.1007/s00383-020-04813-x. (2021)
  • Kucchal T, Pigeolet M, Rolle M, Johnson WD, Park KB. International Organisations in Global Surgery: Challenges and Opportunities. J Public Health Emerg 2020;4:35. doi: 10.21037/jphe-2020-gs-10. (10/2020)
  • Lantz A, Holmer H, Finlayson S, Ricketts TC, Watters DA, Gruen RL, Johnson WD, Hagander L. Measuring the migration of surgical specialists. Surgery. 2020 Sep;168(3):550-557. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2020.04.014. (2020)
  • Lin Y, Raykar HP, Saluja S, Mukhoopadhyay S, Sharma S, Frett B, Enumah S, Iverson KR, Johnson WD, Meara JG, Shrime MG. Identifying essential components of surgical care delivery: An updated Surgical Assessment Tool. Int J Surg. 2020 Oct;82:103-107. doi:10.1016/j.ijsu.2020.08.002 (2020)
  • Kim EE, Araujo D, Dahlman B, Agarwal S, Prasad P, Johnson WD, Park KB. Primary Health Care and the Delivery of Essential Surgery as a Component of Universal Health Coverage in Developing Countries. Bulletin World Health Organ. 2020 Nov 1;98(11):766-772. doi.org/10.2471/BLT.20.252056 (2020)
  • Bhutta M, Monono M, Johnson WD. Management of infective complications of otitis media in resource constrained settings. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020 Jun;28(3):174-181. doi: 10.1097/MOO.0000000000000627. (2020)
  • Santhirapala V, Peden CJ, Meara JG, Biccard BM, Gelb AW, Johnson WD, Lipnick MS, Makasa EM, Martin J, Maswime S, Mellin-Olsen J, McClain CD. Towards high-quality peri-operative care: a global perspective. Anaesthesia. 2020 Jan;75 Suppl 1:e18-e27. doi: 10.1111/anae.14921 (2020)
  • Griswold DP, Khan AA, Chao TE, Clark DJ, Budohoski K, Devi BI, Azad TD, Grant GA, Trivedi RA, Rubiano AM, Johnson WD, Park KB, Broekman M, Servadei F, Hutchinson PJ, Kolias AG. Neurosurgical randomized trials in low- and middle-income countries. Neurosurgery. 2020 Sep 1;87(3):476-483. DOI: 10.1093/neuros/nyaa049 (2020)
  • Vu MT, Pyda J, Johnson WD. Perspectives on progress in global surgery. ANZ J of Surg. 90 (2020) 1836–1842. DOI:10.1111/ans.15490. (2020)
  • Johnson W D. (2013). Surgery as a Global health issue. Surg Neurol Int, 4, 47. (2013) (link)
  • Slater J D, Loredo L N, Chung A, Bush D A, Patyal B, . . . Slater J M. (2012). Fractionated Proton Radiotherapy for Benign Cavernous Sinus Meningiomas. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, 83(5), E633-E637. Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of fractionated proton radiotherapy for a population of patients with benign cavernous sinus meningiomas. Methods and Materials: Between 1991 and 2002, 72 patients were treated at Loma Linda University Medical Center with proton therapy for cavernous sinus meningiomas. Fifty-one patients had biopsy or subtotal resection; 47 had World Health Organization grade 1 pathology. Twenty-one patients had no histologic verification. Twenty-two patients received primary proton therapy; 30 had 1 previous surgery; 20 had more than 1 surgery. The mean gross tumor volume was 27.6 cm(3); mean clinical target volume was 52.9 cm(3). Median total doses for patients with and without histologic verification were 59 and 57 Gy, respectively. Mean and median follow-up periods were 74 months. Results: The overall 5-year actuarial control rate was 96%; the control rate was 99% in patients with grade 1 or absent histologic findings and 50% for those with atypical histology. All 21 patients who did not have histologic verification and 46 of 47 patients with histologic confirmation of grade 1 tumor demonstrated disease control at 5 years. Control rates for patients without previous surgery, 1 surgery, and 2 or more surgeries were 95%, 96%, and 95%, respectively. Conclusions: Fractionated proton radiotherapy for grade 1 cavernous sinus meningiomas achieves excellent control rates with minimal toxicities, regardless of surgical intervention or use of histologic diagnosis. Disease control for large lesions can be achieved by primary fractionated proton therapy. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. (08/2012) (link)
  • Johnson W D, & Bouz P A. (2011). Use of intralesional tPA in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage: retrospective analysis. Acta Neurochir Suppl, 111, 425-8. INTRODUCTION: Neurosurgical treatment of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is controversial, with a lack of evidence-based guidelines contributing to the high variety of treatments. In our study we examine the outcome and complication from use of intralesional tissue plasminogen activator (IL tPA). METHOD: Patients who have been treated with IL tPA for spontaneous ICH were reviewed retrospectively. We compared clot sizes before and after tPA infusion, and outcome based on the modified Rankin score. RESULTS: Nine patients received IL tPA during the period 1999-2009. No immediate complications with use of IL tPA were found. There was a statistically significant volume reduction in clot sizes on computed tomography. Four patients recovered to independent functional status. Three patients were discharged to SNF, and two patients died as a result of ICH. Our results appear to demonstrate superior outcome to supportive management and no worse result than surgical management. CONCLUSION: It appears a subset of ICH patients benefits from use of IL tPA. This study demonstrates that IL tPA use is safe and has the potential to improve outcome compared to conservative management without the risk of surgical complications. Our patient size is small, and larger prospective studies are needed to provide solid guidelines for management of ICH. (2011) (link)
  • Johnson W D, & Petrie M M. (2009). Variety of spinal vascular pathology seen in adult Cobb syndrome Report of 2 cases. Journal of Neurosurgery-Spine, 10(5), 430-435. Cobb syndrome is a rare clinical entity that includes the combination of a vascular skin nevus and an angioma in the spinal canal present at identical dermatomal level(s) (cutaneomeningospinal angiomatosis). To date, 38 cases have been reported, only 18 of which are in adults (> 18 years of age). The majority of these cases have been described in the era predating current neuroimaging techniques, and most authors have assumed that each case involves similar vascular pathology. This report highlights 2 patients presenting with similar thoracic cutaneous vascular nevi yet with markedly differing spinal vascular pathology. A 29-year-old man presented with cutaneous hemangioma and a progressive paraparesis and paresthesia of the lower extremities. A 20 x 20-cm port-wine stain over his right upper midback (T6-10) correlated precisely with MR imaging that demonstrated an enhancing epidural mass between T-6 and T-10 causing compression of the cord and cord edema. A 34-year-old man also presented with progressive myelopathy and a 15 x 20-cm port-wine stain within the same dermatomal region as a Type III spinal arteriovenous malformation. Workup for each patient included pre- and postoperative contrast-enhanced MR imaging with vascular sequencing and spinal angiography. The first patient was treated with bilateral laminectomy at the T6-10 levels, with significant postoperative improvement in motor strength. The second patient underwent coil embolization of an intranidal aneurysm, with follow-up embolization 8 years later. Cobb syndrome is an unusual entity in the adult population and should be considered when there is a constellation of cutaneous manifestation and underlying neurological deficit. The vascular skin nevus associated with Cobb syndrome is accompanied by a wide variety of vascular pathologies. (DOI: 10.3171/2009.1.SPINE08334) (05/2009) (link)
  • Ghostine S, Raghavan R, Khanlou N, Vinters H V, Tong K A, . . . Kido D. (2009). Cerebral amyloid angiopathy: micro-haemorrhages demonstrated by magnetic resonance susceptibility-weighted imaging. Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology, 35(1), 116-119. (02/2009) (link)
  •   Ghostine S, Ghostine MS, Johnson WD: Radiation Therapy in the Treatment of Pituitary Tumors. Neurosurgical Focus, May 2008 (05/2008)
  • Johnson WD, Loredo LN, Slater JD: Surgery and Radiotherapy: Complementary Tools in the Management of Benign Intracranial Tumors. Neurosurgical Focus, May 2008 (05/2008)
  • Johnson WD: Radiation therapy: Current and Evolving Strategies for Nonmalignant Intracranial Tumors. Neurosurgical Focus, May 2008 (05/2008)
  • Johnson WD: Neurosurgery of Complex Vascular Lesions and Tumors." J Neurosurg 01 07 2005 (Book Review) (07/2005)

Books and Chapters

  • Johnson WD, Gunn SWA, Makasa EM, Cherian MN. The World Health Organization and Neurosurgery, in Germano I (ed): Neurosurgery and Global Health. Springer Nature. (10/2021)
  •    Johnson WD, Bouz, P: The Expanding Role for Radiotherapy in the Treatment of Benign Intracranial Tumors, in Zhang J (ed): Advances in Neurological Research. Kerala, India: Research Signpost, 2008 (06/2008)
  • Johnson, WD. Neurosurgery of Complex Vascular Lesions and Tumors. New York NY: Ed: Kobayashi S; Pub: Saunders, 2006. (Book review) (07/2006)

Online Publications

  • Johnson WD. The WHO and Global Neurosurgery. J Glob Neurosurg. (10/2021)

Scholarly Journals--Accepted

  • Owolabi MO, Thrift AG, Mahal A, Martins S, Johnson WD, Pandian J, Abd-Allah F, Yaria J, Phan HT, Roth G, Gall SL, Beare R, Phan TG, Mikulik R, Akinyemi RO, Norrving B, Brainin M, Feigin VL, on behalf of the Stroke Experts Collaboration Group, The Lancet Neurology Commission on Stroke: Evidenced-Based Pragmatic Solutions to Reduce the Global Burden of Stroke. Lancet Neurology. (10/2021)
  • Yaria J, Gil A, Makanjuol A, Oguntoye A, Jaime MJ, Lazo-Porras M, Zhang P, Tao X, Daivadanam M, Ahlgren JA, Gianella C, Bernabe-Ortiz A, Moscoso-Porras M, Malaga G, Svyato I, Gallus S, Richard E, Hafdi M, Osundina M, Bello O, Abisola L, Temitope A, Adebayo O, Lakkhanaloet M, Brtainin M, Johnson WD, Thrift A, Lugo A, Phromjai J, Mueller-Stierlin A, Varghese C, Owolabi M, on behalf of the Stroke Experts Collaboration Group. Towards Making Stroke Guidelines Effective in Low- and Middle-Income Countries - a Systematic Review. Bulletin of WHO. (10/2021)
  • Moosa S, Muhammad AA, Dogar S, Iftikhar S, Johnson WD, Latif A, Samad L. Early infant male circumcision in a resource-constrained setting: Outcomes and quality of care. Bulletin WHO. (10/2021)
  •   Johnson, WD, Petrie MM: Variety of Spinal Vascular Pathology seen in Adult Cobb’s Syndrome:  Report of Two Cases and Literature Review. (Submitted to Journal of Neurosurgery:Spine, 2008)  (2008)

Scholarly Journals--Submitted

  • Johnson, WD, Petrie MM: Variety of Spinal Vascular Pathology seen in Adult Cobb’s Syndrome: Report of Two Cases and Literature Review. (Submitted to Journal of Neurosurgery:Spine, 2008)  (06/2008)
  • Ghostine SS, Raghavan R, Khanlou N, Vinters HV, Johnson WD, Oyoyo U, Kido DS: Cerebral amyloid angiopathy: Micro-hemorrhages demonstrated by MR susceptibility weighed imaging. (Submitted to Neurobiology and Applied Neuropathology, 2008) (06/2008)
  • Chang AL, Loredo LN, Bush DA, Slater JD, Grove R, Johnson WD, Slater JM: Pediatric Chordoma of the Base of Skull and Cervical Spine Treated with Post-Operative Proton Radiation Therapy. (submitted to Journal of Neurosurgery) (01/2008)