Publications

Scholarly Journals--Published

  • Kapileshwarkar Y, Floess KE, Astle M, Tripathi S. Risk Factors for Longer Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Length of Stay Among Children Who Required Escalation of Care Within 24 Hours of Admission. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2022 Feb 4. doi:10.1097/PEC.0000000000002636 Abstract Objective: Children who require early escalation of care (EOC) to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) after floor admission have higher mortality and increased hospital length of stay (LOS) as compared with direct emergency department (ED) admissions. This study was designed to identify subgroups of patients within this cohort (EOC to PICU within 24 hours of hospital admission) who have worse outcomes (actual PICU LOS [aLOS] > predicted PICU LOS [pLOS]). Methods: This was a retrospective single-center cohort study. Patients who required EOC to PICU from January 2015 to December 2019 within 24 hours of admission were included. Postoperative patients, missing cause of EOC, and mortality were excluded. Predicted LOS was calculated based on Pediatric Risk of Mortality scores. Patients with aLOS > pLOS (group A) were compared with patients with aLOS <= pLOS (group B). Multivariable logistic regression was performed to adjust for confounders. Results: Of 587 patients transferred to PICU after hospital admission during the study period, 286 patients met the study criteria (group A, n = 69; group B, n = 217). The 2 groups were similar in age, race, the severity of illness, and ED vitals and therapies. A higher proportion of patients in group B had EOC <= 6 hours of admission (51.1% vs 36.2%, P = 0.03), and a higher proportion in group A required Mechanical ventilation (56% vs 34%, P = 0.01). On multivariable regression, patients who required EOC to PICU after 6 hours after admission (adjusted odds ratio, 2.27; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2, 4.0), p,<0.01) and patients admitted to the floor from referral hospitals (adjusted odds ratio, 1.8; 95% confidence interval, 1.0-3.2), P = 0.04) had higher risk of greater than PLOS. Conclusions: Among patients who required EOC to PICU, risk factors associated with aLOS > pLOS were patients who required EOC to PICU longer than 6 hours after admission to the hospital and patients admitted to the floor as a transfer from referral hospitals. (02/2022) (link)